Financial Regulations


1. General                                                                                                2

2. Accounting and audit (internal and external)                                       4

3. Annual estimates (budget) and forward planning                                5

4. Budgetary control and authority to spend                                            5

5. Banking arrangements and authorisation of payments                       6

6. Instructions for the making of payments                                              7

7. Payment of salaries                                                                             8

8. Loans and investments                                                                        9

9. Income                                                                                                10

10. Orders for work, goods and services                                                10

11. Contracts                                                                                           11

12. Payments under contracts for building or other construction works 12

13. Insurance                                                                                          13

14. Risk management                                                                             13

15. Version control and amendment history                                            14 


1. General

1.1. These financial regulations govern the conduct of financial management by the council and may only be amended or varied by resolution of the council. Financial regulations are one of the council’s three governing policy documents providing procedural guidance for members and officers. Financial regulations must be observed in conjunction with the council’s Standing Orders and any individual financial regulations relating to contracts.

1.2. The council is responsible in law for ensuring that its financial management is adequate and effective and that the council has a sound system of internal control which facilitates the effective exercise of the council’s functions, including arrangements for the management of risk.

1.3. The council’s accounting control systems must include measures:

 for the timely production of accounts;

 that provide for the safe and efficient safeguarding of public money;

 to prevent and detect inaccuracy and fraud; and

 identifying the duties of officers.

1.4. These financial regulations demonstrate how the council meets these responsibilities and requirements.

1.5. At least once a year, prior to approving the Annual Governance Statement, the council must review the effectiveness of its system of internal control which shall be in accordance with proper practices.

1.6. Deliberate or willful breach of these Regulations by an employee may give rise to disciplinary proceedings.

1.7. Members of council are expected to follow the instructions within these Regulations and not to entice employees to breach them. Failure to follow instructions within these Regulations brings the office of councillor into disrepute.

1.8. The Responsible Financial Officer (RFO) holds a statutory office to be appointed by the council. The clerk has been appointed as RFO for this council and these regulations will apply accordingly.

1.9. The RFO;

 acts under the policy direction of the council;

 administers the council's financial affairs in accordance with all Acts, Regulations and proper practices;

 determines on behalf of the council its accounting records and accounting control systems;

 ensures the accounting control systems are observed;

 maintains the accounting records of the council up to date in accordance with proper practices;

 assists the council to secure economy, efficiency and effectiveness in the use of its resources; and

 produces financial management information as required by the council.

1.10. The accounting records determined by the RFO shall be sufficient to show and explain the council’s transactions and to enable the RFO to ensure that any income and expenditure account and statement of balances, or record of receipts and payments and additional information, as the case may be, or management information prepared for the council from time to time comply with the Accounts and Audit Regulations.

1.11. The accounting records determined by the RFO shall in particular contain:

 entries from day to day of all sums of money received and expended by the council and the matters to which the income and expenditure or receipts and payments account relate;

 a record of the assets and liabilities of the council; and

 wherever relevant, a record of the council’s income and expenditure in relation to claims made, or to be made, for any contribution, grant or subsidy.

1.12. The accounting control systems determined by the RFO shall include:

 procedures to ensure that the financial transactions of the council are recorded as soon as reasonably practicable and as accurately and reasonably as possible;

 procedures to enable the prevention and detection of inaccuracies and fraud and the ability to reconstruct any lost records;

 identification of the duties of officers dealing with financial transactions and division of responsibilities of those officers in relation to significant transactions;

 procedures to ensure that uncollectable amounts, including any bad debts are not submitted to the council for approval to be written off except with the approval of the RFO and that the approvals are shown in the accounting records; and

 measures to ensure that risk is properly managed. 1.13. The council is not empowered by these Regulations or otherwise to delegate certain specified decisions. In particular any decision regarding:

 setting the final budget or the precept (council tax requirement);

 approving accounting statements;

 approving an annual governance statement;

 borrowing;  writing off bad debts;

 declaring eligibility for the General Power of Competence; and

 addressing recommendations in any report from the internal or external auditors, shall be a matter for the full council only.

1.14. In addition, the council must:

 determine and keep under regular review the bank mandate for all council bank accounts;

 approve any grant or a single commitment in excess of £5,000; and

 in respect of the annual salary for any employee have regard to recommendations about annual salaries of employees made by the relevant committee in accordance with its terms of reference.

1.15. In these financial regulations, references to the Accounts and Audit Regulations or ‘the regulations’ shall mean the regulations issued under the provisions of section 27 of the Audit Commission Act 1998, or any superseding legislation, and then in force unless otherwise specified.

1.16. In these financial regulations the term ‘proper practice’ or ‘proper practices’ shall refer to guidance issued in Governance and Accountability for Local Councils - a Practitioners’ Guide (England) issued by the Joint Practitioners Advisory Group (JPAG), available from the websites of NALC and the Society for Local Council Clerks (SLCC).


2. Accounting and audit (internal and external)

2.1. All accounting procedures and financial records of the council shall be determined by the RFO in accordance with the Accounts and Audit Regulations, appropriate guidance and proper practices.

2.2. On a regular basis, at least once in each quarter, and at each financial year end, a member other than the chairman or a bank signatory shall be appointed to verify bank reconciliations (for all accounts) produced by the RFO. The member shall sign the reconciliations and the original bank statements (or similar document) as evidence of verification. This activity shall on conclusion be reported, including any exceptions, to and noted by the council.

2.3. The RFO shall complete the annual statement of accounts, annual report, and any related documents of the council contained in the Annual Return (as specified in proper practices) as soon as practicable after the end of the financial year and having certified the accounts shall submit them and report thereon to the council within the timescales set by the Accounts and Audit Regulations.

2.4. The council shall ensure that there is an adequate and effective system of internal audit of its accounting records, and of its system of internal control in accordance with proper practices. Any officer or member of the council shall make available such documents and records as appear to the council to be necessary for the purpose of the audit and shall, as directed by the council, supply the RFO, internal auditor, or external auditor with such information and explanation as the council considers necessary for that purpose.

2.5. The internal auditor shall be appointed by and shall carry out the work in relation to internal controls required by the council in accordance with proper practices.

2.6. The internal auditor shall:

 be competent and independent of the financial operations of the council;

 report to council in writing, or in person, on a regular basis with a minimum of one annual written report during each financial year;

 to demonstrate competence, objectivity and independence, be free from any actual or perceived conflicts of interest, including those arising from family relationships; and

 has no involvement in the financial decision making, management or control of the council.

2.7. Internal or external auditors may not under any circumstances:

 perform any operational duties for the council;

 initiate or approve accounting transactions; or

 direct the activities of any council employee, except to the extent that such employees have been appropriately assigned to assist the internal auditor.

2.8. For the avoidance of doubt, in relation to internal audit the terms ‘independent’ and ‘independence’ shall have the same meaning as is described in proper practices.

2.9. The RFO shall make arrangements for the exercise of electors’ rights in relation to the accounts including the opportunity to inspect the accounts, books, and vouchers and display or publish any notices and statements of account required by Audit Commission Act 1998, or any superseding legislation, and the Accounts and Audit Regulations.

2.10. The RFO shall, without undue delay, bring to the attention of all councillors any correspondence or report from internal or external auditors.


3. Annual estimates (budget) and forward planning

3.1. The Clerk and Chair shall formulate and submit proposals for the following financial year to the council not later than the end of January each year including any proposals for revising the forecast.

3.2. The RFO must each year, by no later than January, prepare detailed estimates of all receipts and payments including the use of reserves and all sources of funding for the following financial year in the form of a budget to be considered by a duly delegated committee and for approval by the Full Council.

3.3. The council shall fix the precept (council tax requirement), and relevant basic amount of council tax to be levied for the ensuing financial year not later than by the end of January each year. The RFO shall issue the precept to the billing authority and shall supply each member with a copy of the approved annual budget.

3.4. The approved annual budget shall form the basis of financial control for the ensuing year.


4. Budgetary control and authority to spend

4.1. Expenditure on revenue items may be authorised up to the amounts included for that class of expenditure in the approved budget. This authority isto be determined by:

 the council for all items over £7,500;

 the council or a duly delegated committee of the council for items over £1000;

 the clerk, in conjunction with chairman of council or chairman of the appropriate committee, for any items between £250 and £1000;

 the clerk for any items below £250. Such authority is to be evidenced by a minute or by an authorisation slip duly signed by the clerk, and where necessary also by the appropriate chairman. Contracts may not be disaggregated to avoid controls imposed by these regulations.

4.2. No expenditure may be authorised that will exceed the amount provided in the revenue budget for that class of expenditure other than by resolution of the council, or duly delegated committee. During the budget year and with the approval of council having considered fully the implications for public services, unspent and available amounts may be moved to  other budget headings or to an earmarked reserve as appropriate (‘virement’).

4.3. Unspent provisions in the revenue or capital budgets for completed projects shall not be carried forward to a subsequent year.

4.4. The salary budgets are to be reviewed following the publication of hourly rates by LCC financial year and such a review shall be evidenced by a hard copy schedule signed by the clerk and the chairman of council or relevant committee. The RFO will inform committees of any changes impacting on their budget requirement for the coming year in good time.

4.5. In cases of extreme risk to the delivery of council services, the clerk may authorise revenue expenditure on behalf of the council which in the clerk’s judgement is necessary to carry out. Such expenditure includes repair, replacement or other work, whether or not there is any budgetary provision for the expenditure, subject to a limit of £1000. The clerk shall report such action to the chairman as soon as possible and to the council as soon as practicable thereafter.

4.6. No expenditure shall be authorised in relation to any capital project and no contract entered into or tender accepted involving capital expenditure unless the council is satisfied that the necessary funds are available and the requisite borrowing approval has been obtained.

4.7. All capital works shall be administered in accordance with the council's standing orders and financial regulations relating to contracts.

4.8. Changes in earmarked reserves shall be approved by council as part of the budgetary control process.


5. Banking arrangements and authorisation of payments

5.1. The council's banking arrangements, including the bank mandate, shall be made by the RFO and approved by the council; banking arrangements may not be delegated to a committee. They shall be regularly reviewed for safety and efficiency.

5.2. The RFO shall prepare a schedule of payments requiring authorisation, forming part of the agenda for the meeting and, together with the relevant invoices, present the schedule to the council or a duly delegated committee. The council / committee shall review the schedule for compliance and, having satisfied itself shall authorise payment by a resolution. The approved schedule shall be ruled off and initialled by the chairman of the meeting. A detailed list of all payments shall be disclosed within or as an attachment to the minutes of the meeting at which payment was authorised. Personal payments (including salaries, wages, expenses and any payment made in relation to the termination of a contract of employment) may be summarised to remove public access to any personal information.

5.3. All invoices for payment shall be examined, verified and certified by the RFO to confirm that the work, goods or services to which each invoice relates has been received, carried out, examined and represents expenditure previously approved by the council.

5.4. The RFO shall examine invoices for arithmetical accuracy and analyse them to the appropriate expenditure heading. The RFO shall take all steps to pay all invoices submitted, and which are in order, at the next available meeting.

5.5. The clerk and RFO shall have delegated authority to authorise the payment of items only in the following circumstances: 

a) If a payment is necessary to avoid a charge to interest under the Late Payment of Commercial Debts (Interest) Act 1998, and the due date for payment is before the next scheduled meeting of council, where the clerk and RFO certify that there is no dispute or other reason to delay payment, provided that a list of such payments shall be submitted to the next appropriate meeting of council;

5.6. Members are subject to the Code of Conduct that has been adopted by the council and shall comply with the Code and Standing Orders when a decision to authorise or instruct payment is made in respect of a matter in which they have a disclosable pecuniary or other interest, unless a dispensation has been granted.

5.7. The council will aim to rotate the duties of members in these regulations so that onerous duties are shared out as evenly as possible over time.

5.8. Any changes in the recorded details of suppliers, such as bank account records, shall be approved in writing by a member.


6. Instructions for the making of payments

6.1. The council will make safe and efficient arrangements for the making of its payments.

6.2. Following authorisation under Financial Regulation 5 above, the council, a duly delegated committee or, if so delegated, the clerk or RFO shall give instruction that a payment shall be made.

6.3. All payments shall be affected by cheque or online banking or other instructions to the council's bankers, or otherwise, in accordance with a resolution of council or duly delegated committee.

6.4. Cheques, online payments or orders for payment drawn on the bank account in accordance with the schedule as presented to council or committee shall be signed/approved by one member of council and the Clerk/RFO in accordance with a resolution instructing that payment, not exceeding a total of £1,500.00. Any payments exceeding £1,500.00 require an additional counsellor signatory, who will be contacted via email for approval.  A note will be made and added at the next scheduled Parish Council meeting to note in the minutes that the expense was agreed. A member who is a bank signatory, having a connection by virtue of family or business relationships with the beneficiary of a payment, should not, under normal circumstances, be a signatory to the payment in question.

6.5. To indicate agreement of the details shown on the cheque. invoice or order for payment with the counterfoil and the invoice or similar documentation, the signatories shall each also initial the cheque counterfoil/invoice (in cases of online payments).

6.6. Cheques or orders for payment shall not normally be presented for signature other than at a council or committee meeting (including immediately before or after such a meeting). Any signatures obtained away from such meetings shall be reported to the council or duly delegated committee at the next convenient meeting.

6.7. If thought appropriate by the council, payment for utility supplies (energy, telephone and water) and any National Non-Domestic Rates may be made by variable direct debit provided that the instructions are signed by two members and any payments are reported to council as made. The approval of the use of a variable direct debit shall be renewed by resolution of the council at least every two years.

6.8. If thought appropriate by the council, payment for certain items (principally salaries) may be made by banker’s standing order provided that the instructions are signed, or otherwise evidenced by two members are retained and any payments are reported to council as made. The approval of the use of a banker’s standing order shall be renewed by resolution of the council at least every two years.

6.9. If thought appropriate by the council payment for certain items may be made by internet banking transfer provided evidence is retained showing which members approved the payment.

6.10. Each agreed signatory shall acquire their own personal device for accessing bank accountants and payments. They should not access banking using any other signatory’s device or details. Each signatory should keep their device, pin and passwords in a secure and private location, and not share with any other person.

6.11. No employee or councillor shall disclose any PIN or password, relevant to the working of the council or its bank accounts, to any person not authorised in writing by the council or a duly delegated committee.

6.12. Regular back-up copies of the records on any computer shall be made and shall be stored securely away from the computer in question, and preferably off site.

6.13. The council, and any members using computers for the council’s financial business, shall ensure that anti-virus, anti-spyware and firewall software with automatic updates, together with a high level of security, is used.

6.14. Where internet banking arrangements are made with any bank, the clerk or RFO shall be appointed as the service administrator. The bank mandate approved by the council shall identify a number of councillors who will be authorised to approve transactions on those accounts. The bank mandate will state clearly the amounts of payments that can be instructed by the use of the service administrator alone, or by the service administrator with a stated number of approvals.

6.15. Access to any internet banking accounts will be directly to the access page (which may be saved under “favourites”), and not through a search engine or e-mail link. Remembered or saved passwords facilities must not be used on any computer used for council banking work. Breach of this Regulation will be treated as a very serious matter under these regulations.

6.16. Changes to account details for suppliers, which are used for internet banking may only be changed on written hard copy notification by the supplier and supported by hard copy authority for change signed by the Clerk/RFO and a member. A programme of regular checks of standing data with suppliers will be followed.

6.17. Any debit card issued for use will be specifically restricted to the clerk and RFO and will also be restricted to a single transaction maximum value of £500 unless authorised by council or a duly delegated committee in writing before any order is placed.


7. Payment of salaries

7.1. As an employer, the council shall make arrangements to meet fully the statutory requirements placed on all employers by PAYE and National Insurance legislation. The payment of all salaries shall be made in accordance with payroll records and the rules of PAYE and National Insurance currently operating, and salary rates shall be as agreed by council, or duly delegated committee.

7.2. Payment of salaries and payment of deductions from salary such as may be required to be made for tax, national insurance and pension contributions, or similar statutory or discretionary deductions must be made in accordance with the payroll records and on the  appropriate dates stipulated in employment contracts, provided that each payment is reported to the next available council meeting, as set out in these regulations above.

7.3. No changes shall be made to any employee’s pay, emoluments, or terms and conditions of employment without the prior consent of the council or Personnel committee.

7.4. Each and every payment to employees of net salary and to the appropriate creditor of the statutory and discretionary deductions shall be recorded in a separate confidential record (confidential cash book). This confidential record is not open to inspection or review (under the Freedom of Information Act 2000 or otherwise) other than: a) by any councillor who can demonstrate a need to know; b) by the internal auditor; c) by the external auditor; or d) by any person authorised under Audit Commission Act 1998, or any superseding legislation.

7.5. The total of such payments in each calendar month shall be reported with all other payments as made as may be required under these Financial Regulations, to ensure that only payments due for the period have actually been paid.

7.6. An effective system of personal performance management should be maintained for the senior officers.

7.7. Any termination payments shall be supported by a clear business case and reported to the council. Termination payments shall only be authorised by council.

7.8. Before employing interim staff, the council must consider a full business case.

8. Loans and investments

8.1. All borrowings shall be affected in the name of the council, after obtaining any necessary borrowing approval. Any application for borrowing approval shall be approved by Council as to terms and purpose. The application for borrowing approval, and subsequent arrangements for the loan shall only be approved by full council.

8.2. Any financial arrangement which does not require formal borrowing approval from the Secretary of State/Welsh Assembly Government (such as Hire Purchase or Leasing of tangible assets) shall be subject to approval by the full council. In each case a report in writing shall be provided to council in respect of value for money for the proposed transaction.

8.3. The council will arrange with the council’s banks and investment providers for the sending of a copy of each statement of account to the chairman of the council at the same time as one is issued to the clerk or RFO.

8.4. All loans and investments shall be negotiated in the name of the council and shall be for a set period in accordance with council policy.

8.5. The council shall consider the need for an investment strategy and policy which, if drawn up, shall be in accordance with relevant regulations, proper practices and guidance. Any strategy and policy shall be reviewed by the council at least annually.

8.6. All investments of money under the control of the council shall be in the name of the  council.

8.7. All investment certificates and other documents relating thereto shall be retained in the custody of the RFO.

8.8. Payments in respect of short term or long-term investments, including transfers between bank accounts held in the same bank, or branch, shall be made in accordance with Regulation 5 (Authorisation of payments) and Regulation 6 (Instructions for payments).


9. Income

9.1. The collection of all sums due to the council shall be the responsibility of and under the supervision of the RFO.

9.2. Particulars of all charges to be made for work done, services rendered or goods supplied shall be agreed annually by the council, notified to the RFO and the RFO shall be responsible for the collection of all accounts due to the council.

9.3. All sums received on behalf of the council shall be banked intact as directed by the RFO. In all cases, all receipts shall be deposited with the council's bankers with such frequency as the RFO considers necessary.

9.4. Personal cheques shall not be cashed out of money held on behalf of the council.

9.5. The RFO shall promptly complete any VAT Return that is required. Any repayment claim due in accordance with VAT Act 1994 section 33 shall be made at least annually coinciding with the financial year end.

9.6. The Clerk will maintain a working document throughout each



Created: May 2023

Adopted: 18th July 2023

Updated: 29th April 2024